Using data from the Gallup Daily Tracking Survey, this brief estimates the number of LGBT people who are and are not protected by state statutes that explicitly prohibit sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination in employment, education, public accommodations, housing, and credit. At the federal level and in most states, non-discrimination statutes do not expressly enumerate sexual orientation and gender identity as protected characteristics.
Twenty-three states and Washington, D. This research brief estimates the number of LGBT people who are protected by such statutes in the areas of employment, education, public accommodations, housing, and credit—and the number who are not. Our estimates are conservative in that state statutes also protect LGBT children and younger youth; however, due to limited knowledge about the size of these groups in the population, we could not include them in our calculations.
An estimated 14, transgender people in the state lack employment protections based on gender identity, 6, are unprotected in education, 21, lack protections in public accommodations, and 19, lack protections in housing. These numbers were added to the total unprotected in each domain. Download the brief. Download a supplemental brief providing employment and public accommodations estimates by LGB and T. Our estimates do not take into account administrative and judicial decisions that have interpreted sex discrimination laws to cover sexual orientation or gender identity discrimination.
Contents Download Share. Overview Highlights Data Points Brief. Brief Supplement Version Supplement. Copy link Facebook Twitter LinkedIn. Thirteen million people ages 13 and older in the U. The nondiscrimination statutes in most states do not explicitly include sexual orientation and gender identity as protected characteristics. Nearly half of all LGBT people lack protections from discrimination in employment, education, housing, public accommodations, and credit.
Data Points. Nearly half of these workers—3. There are over 3. About 2 million live in states without statutory protections against sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination in education.
Approximately 6. Over 5. Download the brief Download a supplemental brief providing employment and public accommodations estimates by LGB and T. Search for:. Open toolbar.Selena Simmons-Duffin. Roger Severino, who directs the Office for Civil Rights in the Department of Health and Human Services, has long argued that "sex discrimination" protections in the Affordable Care Act aren't meant to encompass protections for transgender people.
The Trump administration on Friday finalized a rule that would remove nondiscrimination protections for LGBTQ people when it comes to health care and health insurance. The rule is set to go into effect by mid-August.John cozzone coldwell banker
It is one of many rules and regulations put forward by the Trump administration that defines "sex discrimination" as only applying when someone faces discrimination for being female or male, and does not protect people from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity. Supporters of the new rule said this is a necessary reversal of Obama-era executive overreach and will reduce confusion about the legal meaning of "sex discrimination.
The rule focuses on nondiscrimination protections laid out in Section of the Affordable Care Act. That federal law established that it is illegal to discriminate on the basis of "race, color, national origin, sex, age or disability in certain health programs and activities. Severino said at the time"We're going back to the plain meaning of those terms, which is based on biological sex. Under the new rule, a transgender person could, for example, be refused care for a checkup at a doctor's office, said Lindsey Dawsonassociate director of HIV policy at the Kaiser Family Foundation.
Other possible scenarios include a transgender man being denied treatment for ovarian cancer, or a hysterectomy not being covered by an insurer — or costing more when the procedure is related to someone's gender transition.
The Trump rule makes changes to gender-based discrimination protections beyond Section of the ACA; it affects regulations pertaining to access to health insurance, for example, including cost-sharing, health plan marketing and benefits. The rule could also mean that those seeking an abortion could be denied care if performing the procedure violates the provider's moral or religious beliefs. Even with the rule now finalized, an LGBTQ person who is discriminated against or denied health care can still sue, and courts may rule that their civil rights were violated in such a case.Envahissant synonyme internaute
But that's not an easy avenue, Dawson said. Protections will also vary based on where someone livesshe added, so the rule "creates a patchwork of civil rights, compared to standardized protections. For Severino, this move has been a long time coming. He joined the Trump administration from the Heritage Foundationa conservative think tank, where he wrote a paper on gender protections in Section He's also a devout Catholic and, as director of the Office for Civil Rights, has made protections of religious freedom a key focus, including the right of doctors to refuse to provide care that contradicts their religious or moral beliefs.
The rule the HHS proposed on gender and discrimination in health care garneredpublic comments. The final rule is nearly identical to the original version proposed last year. Jeff Barrows, the Christian Medical Association's executive vice president for bioethics and public policy, said after hearing the announcement. Ryan Anderson, a senior research fellow at the Heritage Foundation and former colleague of Severino's, submitted a comment in support of the rule.
Anderson said it simply reverses what he sees as the Obama administration's executive overreach. Mari Brighe, a freelance writer and transgender woman who lives outside Detroit, called the rule "terrifying. Once, when seriously ill with the flu and having trouble breathing, Brighe recalled, she was sent home from a hospital in rural New York and ended up driving 90 minutes and crossing a lake by ferry to get treatment at a hospital in Vermont.
She said worries now that the rule could make transgender people — who are already reluctant to seek medical care — all the more likely to avoid coronavirus treatment and testing.
A recent report from the Williams Institute at UCLA estimates that hundreds of thousands of transgender adults may be especially vulnerable to COVID because they have an underlying condition, are over 65, lack health insurance or live in poverty. For black transgender people, Gaynor said, "it's layers of oppression — it's transphobia on top of racism on top of economic oppression.
Katie Keitha health law professor at Georgetown University, noted that the new rule could have another chilling effect. She pointed to research documenting how the "public charge" rule — which penalizes people who are seeking to become citizens if they use public safety net programs such as nutrition and housing assistance — affected people and programs outside the scope of the rule itself.
Although the Heritage Foundation's Anderson supports the rule, he said the prospect that it could have a chilling effect is "a very reasonable concern.
Example of Non-discrimination Statement and Policy
What's needed, he said, is a "finer grain" approach to this issue — such as a new law in Congress that protects LGTBQ people from health care discrimination generally but carves out protection for providers to refuse to provide care related to sex reassignment.
Now that it's marked "final," this rule — which was issued by an agency of the executive branch — may now encounter hurdles via the two other branches of the federal government. This month, for example, the U. Supreme Court is set to weigh in on two major cases on the meaning of the word "sex" in employment discrimination.
The two cases involve issues closely related to the legal questions at play in Severino's HHS rule, and the high court's decision might have major implications for the rule's legal footing.Help us continue to fight human rights abuses. Please give now to support our work. With less than two weeks left in office, the administration of US President Donald Trump has finalized yet another rule rolling back nondiscrimination protections for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT people seeking the services of health and welfare programs funded by the US Department of Health and Human Services.
Previously, a federal regulation expressly prohibited health and welfare programs receiving federal funding from discriminating on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. It also deletes a requirement that recipients recognize the marriages of same-sex couples, replacing it with a generic statement that the US Department of Health and Human Services will respect Supreme Court decisions. The previous regulation was used to ensure adoption and foster care agencies who receive federal support serve all qualified parents, including same-sex couples.
Rolling back existing nondiscrimination protections will harm those families, as well as the many kids awaiting placement in loving and supportive homes. In the coming weeks, Congress should swiftly reject this regressive rule.
With an upcoming presidential transition, the US government should take this opportunity to make clear again that the programs it funds are open to all qualified people, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity.
Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice. Get updates on human rights issues from around the globe.
By using our website you consent to all cookies in accordance with our updated Cookie Notice. Now that the business case for diversity has been made, the corporate world is making solid progress towards greater LGBT equality in the workplace. A large amount of research over the past decades has found that diversity has a positive impact not only on productivity, collaboration, innovation and creativity, but also on reputation, recruitment and the retention of staff.
LGBT-supportive policies are linked to fewer cases of discrimination and more open corporate cultures. These, in turn, are linked to greater job commitment, better workplace relationships, improved mental health and increased productivity among LGBT employees.
But despite efforts to build a diverse workforce and promote an inclusive workplace, the international financial institution is still steps away from being an equal playing field; its culture has lagged behind its policies in terms of fully accepting LGBT staff.
To fully harness the power of its diverse staff, our biggest challenge is not to push numbers up but to foster greater understanding of what an inclusive workplace is. In an institution largely made of economists, numbers are worth a thousand words. The survey helped shed light on issues that had been overlooked and allowed the development of proposals that would help create an inclusive workplace for all. Between andinstitutional support for the LGBT agenda was extremely limited and so were efforts to respond to the organizational issues relating to LGBT staff.
But the tone of the conversation improved tremendously over the past year, thanks in large part to the support of senior staff members. Two areas in particular benefited from leadership support:.
For GLOBE, the next big push will have to be at that level, to ensure that managers across the institution have the tools and training to respond to the many challenges faced by LGBT staff in our offices around the world, and that a zero-tolerance policy on discrimination and harassment is finally strictly implemented. The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.
Major business organizations are now beginning to back diversity at boardroom level — but it would be self-defeating to force out older executives in the process.
To combat growing inequality, we must give women-led micro, small- and medium-sized enterprises access to the finance and digital tools needed to keep up in modern business. Sign In.
I accept. Take action on UpLink. Most Popular. More on the agenda. Forum in focus. We are helping platform companies improve working standards in the gig economy. Read more about this project. Explore context. Explore the latest strategic trends, research and analysis.Section 1. Every person should be treated with respect and dignity and should be able to live without fear, no matter who they are or whom they love.
Children should be able to learn without worrying about whether they will be denied access to the restroom, the locker room, or school sports. Adults should be able to earn a living and pursue a vocation knowing that they will not be fired, demoted, or mistreated because of whom they go home to or because how they dress does not conform to sex-based stereotypes.
People should be able to access healthcare and secure a roof over their heads without being subjected to sex discrimination. All persons should receive equal treatment under the law, no matter their gender identity or sexual orientation. These principles are reflected in the Constitution, which promises equal protection of the laws. In Bostock v. Discrimination on the basis of gender identity or sexual orientation manifests differently for different individuals, and it often overlaps with other forms of prohibited discrimination, including discrimination on the basis of race or disability.
For example, transgender Black Americans face unconscionably high levels of workplace discrimination, homelessness, and violence, including fatal violence. It is also the policy of my Administration to address overlapping forms of discrimination. General Provisions.Lenzo yoon biography
MAP works to ensure that all people have a fair chance to pursue health and happiness, earn a living, take care of the ones they love, be safe in their communities, and participate in civic life.Jedinica za rad u elektricnom polju
You can read more about MAP and the work we do on our About page. Click below to become a member of MAP. Laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation primarily protect or harm lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. That said, transgender people who are lesbian, gay or bisexual can be affected by laws that explicitly mention sexual orientation. Gender identity and expression are independent of sexual orientation, and transgender people may identify as heterosexual, lesbian, gay or bisexual.
These laws also can apply to people who are not transgender, but whose sense of gender or manner of dress does not adhere to gender stereotypes.
We appreciate you signing up for the MAP newsletter. You will receive an automatic email confirmation shortly. Nondiscrimination Laws. Housing nondiscrimination laws protect LGBTQ people from being unfairly evicted, denied housing, or refused the ability to rent or buy housing on the basis of their sexual orientation or gender identity.
Additionally, in states without state protections, municipalities may provide local-level nondiscrimination protections. Other rights may exist or be recognized where you live; this map is not intended as legal advice or an indication of your rights. Read the State-by-State Statutes. See the State-by-State Statutes button to the lower left of the map for more detail for every state. Additionally, the U. Department of Housing and Urban Development HUD currently interprets the Fair Housing Act's ban on sex-based discrimination to include discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.
LGBTQ people who believe they have experienced housing discrimination may be able to pursue claims through this avenue. However, l ocal ordinances, state laws, federal court rulings, and more create a patchwork of nondiscrimination protections for LGBTQ people across the country. This map is not intended as legal advice or an indication of your rights.
Recommended citation: Movement Advancement Project. Accessed [date of access]. Public accommodation nondiscrimination laws protect LGBTQ people from being unfairly refused service, denied entry to, or otherwise discriminated against in public places based on their sexual orientation or gender identity.Philanthropy can be more effective when foundations reflect the full diversity of the communities we hope to serve and impact.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer LGBTQ people are a crucial part of the tapestry of our communities, and a growing number of foundations are seeking to assure that their institutions are welcoming and inclusive of LGBTQ people. An important step toward inclusiveness is explicitly prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity and expression.
Trump Administration Again Weakens LGBT Protections
This brief guide is intended to help your institution implement a nondiscrimination and equal opportunity employment policy that is inclusive of sexual orientation and gender identity and expression. Having an explicit policy prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity and expression illustrates your commitment to fairness and equal opportunity.
Communicating your values to your grantees, partners, and current and potential employees ensures that you commitment is clear internally and externally. Further, including sexual orientation and gender identity and expression signals to LGBTQ people and allies that your organization is inclusive, and can help strengthen your recruitment and retention.
Unfortunately, LGBTQ people are still not explicitly protected from discrimination at the federal level and in 30 states. That means that in the majority of states, people can be fired, not hired or otherwise discriminated against just for being lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender.Everything President Trump Has Said About The LGBTQ Community, Including Fighting For Them - TIME
The Movement Advancement Project provides this useful map of nondiscrimination protections at the state level.
While there have been significant positive rulings by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and some state and federal courts, in the absence of clear law, LGBTQ people are still vulnerable to discrimination in the workplace. Even if you are based in a state where sexual orientation and gender identity and expression are protected, we still recommend having an inclusive nondiscrimination policy, because, as noted above, it clarifies and communicates your commitment to inclusion for all stakeholders, both internal and external.
This policy applies to hiring, internal promotions, training, opportunities for advancement, and terminations and applies to all [Institution Name] employees, volunteers, members, clients, and contractors. Sexual orientation and gender identity are two distinct categories. Gender expression refers to things like appearance, clothing, mannerisms and other ways that a person expresses their gender identity.
Transgender people have a gender identity that does not necessarily match the sex that they were assigned at birth. Some transgender people identify as gay, lesbian, or bisexual, but others identify as straight or heterosexual. Some people have a gender expression that does not conform to traditional societal expectations, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity.
A number of LGBTQ organizations offer helpful guides to terms related to sexual orientation and gender identity. In the largest survey of transgender people in the U. We recommend explicitly naming both sexual orientation and gender identity and expression in your policy, to assure that all LGBTQ people are protected, including transgender people. Including sexual orientation and gender identity and expression also signals to potential LGBTQ employees that your institution is aware and welcoming of the full diversity of the LGBTQ community.
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